Georgia’s agri-food export is concentrated in few products and few undemanding markets, making it highly vulnerable to shocks on a small number of commodity and geographical markets. At the same time, the diversity of climatic conditions and ample water resources create significant growth and diversification potential for Georgian agriculture. Georgian conditions appear especially suitable for the production and export of high-value niche products as the landmass is small and fragmented, both due to topographic conditions and present ownership patterns.
The government needs to work both on long-term and short-term constraints in order to boost the growth and diversification of agricultural exports. In the long term, consolidation of the highly fragmented agricultural land is essential to provide Georgia with a competitive agricultural sector. In the short run, the government should encourage and support the foundation of agricultural clusters or PAs, potentially in the context of a wider agricultural and industry cluster initiative. PAs as well as selected, high-potential “leader” companies in specific products should both be the addressee of and multiplier for government and donor programmes for value chain development. Furthermore, the government should modernize agricultural education and provide some information services to bridge the knowledge gaps of individual farmers.