For the third quarter of 2023, business confidence in Georgia decreased (by 10.7 index points) and reached 15.7. The highest business confidence is observed in the financial (26.4) sector. The negative change in BCI for Q3 2023 was driven by worsened past performance as well as less optimistic expectations.
In June 2023, Georgian power plants generated 1,369 mln. kWh of electricity (Figure 1). This represents an 8% decrease in the total generation compared to the previous year (in June 2022, the total generation was 1,485 mln. kWh). The decrease in generation on a yearly basis comes from a fall of 8% in Hydro and 9% in wind and 46% in thermal power generation.
In May 2023, Georgian power plants generated 1,325 mln. kWh of electricity. This represents a 9% decrease in the total generation compared to the previous year (in May 2022, the total generation was 1,461 mln. kWh). The decrease in generation on a yearly basis comes from a fall of 9% in Hydro and 6% in wind power, while thermal power generation increased by 89%.
The global economy remains in a volatile state amid the prolonged effects of the combined negative shocks of the pandemic, Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, high inflation, and the tightening monetary policy. Although the global economy remained resilient at the beginning of the year, the situation is expected to worsen.
In June 2023, the National Statistics Office of Georgia issued its annual publication on the agricultural sector – Agriculture of Georgia 2022. The publication estimates that agriculture, forestry, and fishing comprised 7.5% of the GDP (constant prices) in 2022, which is lower than the 8% share in 2021, but in line with general trends over the last few years (agricultural GDP being 7-8% of GDP on average).