Research Reports

RIA institutionalization reform assessment
Friday, 31 March, 2023

Regulatory Impact Assessment (RIA) is a process of evidence-based policymaking, which helps in complying with better regulatory principles and designing better regulations. RIA is a tool for transparency of the legislative process. The issue of RIA institutionalization has been a commitment envisaged in the international and national policy documents of Georgia.  Therefore, the RIA Institutionalization Reform aims to incorporate this mechanism into the routine of policy planning, design, and implementation in Georgia. Institutionalization implies establishing procedures, rules, and a set of logical steps to be followed while preparing policy proposals. This process creates evidence for political decision-makers on the advantages and disadvantages of possible policy options by assessing their potential impacts. The results are summarized and presented in the Impact Assessment report. Given the high flow of draft normative acts in Georgia and the current limited capacity and resources, the initial stage of the reform involves mandatory use of RIA for such draft laws only that have potentially significant impacts. It further includes some capacity-building measures - the main ones involving training the civil servants to carry out and scrutinize RIA, developing a manual providing guidance in applying analytical tools, and organizing campaigns to motivate large participation of the private sector and civil society in consultations and scrutiny of RIA. Georgia has introduced requirements for RIA and RIA Methodology into the legal framework. The Methodology includes principles of better regulation and requirements related to the RIA content and the process of RIA. The requirements for RIA content were designed to serve as quality check criteria, which could effectively guide both the RIA drafters as well as its reviewers/scrutinizers, including the Government Parliamentary Secretary and other stakeholders.