During the Russia-Ukraine the EU has become a clear example of how substantial reliance on a single country to satisfy energy needs can threaten nations’ economic development, and how challenging the task of achieving energy security is while substantially depending on a single country in key energy products.
In the third and the fourth quarters of 2021, Georgian power plants generated 3,766 mln. and 3,479 mln. kWh of electricity, respectively. This represents a 27.3% and 34.1% increase in total generation compared to the corresponding periods of the previous year (in 2020, the total generation in Q3 was 2,958 mln. kWh and 2,594 mln. kWh in Q4).
During such challenging times, as the Russia-Ukraine conflict escalates daily and threatens the lives of thousands, as well as the wellbeing of everyone around the world, having experienced the horror of war, we Georgians especially feel the pain of the Ukrainians.
In the first and the second quarters of 2021, Georgian power plants generated 2,429 mln. and 2,708 mln. kWh of electricity, respectively (Figure 1). This represents a 16.0% and 3.2% decrease in total generation compared to the corresponding periods of the previous year (in 2020, the total generation in Q1 was 2,893 mln. kWh and in Q2 it was 2,797 mln. kWh).
The International Energy Agency provides a definition of energy security across two dimensions. In a broad sense, energy security is defined as the “uninterrupted availability of energy sources at an affordable price,” while short-term energy security denotes that an energy system has the capability to promptly balance any disruption in the supply-demand equilibrium.