Starting from 2005, Georgia saw a rapid decline in tertiary gross enrollment. In a country where poverty reduction is a key priority and where labor market outcomes have not been particularly strong during the last decade, the decline in higher education enrollment might appear as an additional obstacle to human and economic development.

In this report, we analyze a time series of tertiary gross enrollment in Georgia and compare Georgia to other countries in transition. We use the Integrated Household Survey (IHS) data of the National Georgian Statistics Agency (GeoStat) to analyze the socio-economic profiles of enrolled and not-enrolled students. Further, we identify the key potential factors behind decreased enrollment rates, and discuss the role of institutional changes, wages, returns to education, external and international migration, and employment patterns.

The Georgian government is currently working on the draft of a new Code on Spatial Planning and Construction, with the aim of increasing the safety of new constructions while consolidating the great achievements obtained in terms of effectiveness in the delivery of construction permits. One of the main changes that is likely to be introduced in the new Code – in line with the best practices at the international level1 – is the regulation of the qualification requirements for building designers. The current government believes that the time has come to increase the safety standards and to regulate the access to the profession of building designer.

Some Background on the Georgian PSA The present Population Situation Analysis (PSA) was carried out by the Country Office of UNFPA in Georgia, at the request of the Government Planning & Innovations Unit of the Administration of the Government of Georgia between late July and early November of 2014. UNFPA based itself on the knowledge of national experts regarding the economic, social, institutional and political situation in the country, through the International School of Economics at Tbilisi State University (ISET), which made three of its collaborators available for the current task:

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