ISET

ISET Economist Blog

A blog about economics in the South Caucasus.
May
22

Free or Fearful? The Fear of Floating in the South Caucasus

In economics there is a long-standing debate on whether emerging markets should adopt a fixed exchange rate currency regime or leave their exchange rates up to markets to decide. Intuitively, exchange rate is just another price, similar to the price on a sack of potatoes, a liter of milk or a kilogram of honey. Except that exchange rate is the price of 1 unit of foreign currency (say, 1 US dollar) in terms of our domestic currency. Textbook economics would tell us that price flexibility is essential for markets to function well, to quickly clear up any s...
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Mar
27

In Georgia Education Matters (But Probably Will Not Make You Rich)

“Education is what remains after one has forgotten what one has learned in school” – Albert Einstein It is widely recognized that education is the key to the future. In general, educated people have higher earnings and lower unemployment rates and highly-educated countries grow faster and innovate more than the other countries. Therefore, in the recent economic literature, education is considered as an investment good and look for the other investments, there is the costs and benefits of the investments in the education. The cost of the education is the ...
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Mar
13

How to Prevent the Tobacco Law from Going Up in Smokes?

BACKGROUND After a hike in excise tax on cigarettes in January 2017, Parliament of Georgia is going to introduce legislative changes to the existing tobacco control law (TCL) in March. Since its enactment in 2003, TCL has been modified several times. However, the recently proposed changes can be considered the most radical step towards a tobacco-free society in Georgia. New draft law comprehensively covers production, packaging, marketing, advertising, selling and consumption of tobacco, and other activities of tobacco businesses. The main changes can be...
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Recent Comments
Simon Appleby
Good work Giorgi.Something you did not mention is the long-term effect on the public health system and the public pension.As indiv... Read More
Tuesday, 14 March 2017 11:11 AM
Eric Livny
Sir Humphrey Appleby is a straight shooter! Adorable!!!!
Tuesday, 14 March 2017 2:02 PM
Giorgi Mzhavanadze
Thanks for your comment, Simon.I totally agree with you on necessity to assess/review long-term effects on the public health syst... Read More
Wednesday, 15 March 2017 11:11 AM
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Feb
04

How to De-Dollarize in a Smart Way: Lessons from the Georgian and Foreign Experiences

Unofficial (partial) dollarization describes a situation when a foreign currency is used alongside the domestic currency for transactions purposes and as a store value. High partial dollarization is not good for a country, as it ties the hands of its Central Bank when it wants to use monetary policy. In a highly dollarized economy, national currency depreciation can even lead to financial instability. As a transition economy, Georgia is characterized by high levels of dollarization. Therefore, recent waves of lari depreciation has prompted authorities to...
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Nov
21

Structural Transformation in Georgia – In the Right Direction at a Turtle’s Pace

  Structural transformation of the economy is one of the most important determinants of economic development. Almost invariably, nations that have managed to pull themselves out of poverty were able to diversify their economies away from low productivity sectors. In advanced countries, productivity differences between sectors are generally small, and growth mostly happens because of productivity improvements within sectors. Developing countries, on the other hand, are characterized by large productivity gaps between the sectors of their economies. ...
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Irakli Shalikashvili
It is a great peace to help you find out what the structural decomposition looks like in Georgia and how productivity of sectors a... Read More
Tuesday, 13 December 2016 11:11 AM
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Nov
05

Lock, Stock and Two Smoking Barrels

“All the evidence shows that God was actually quite a gambler, and the universe is a great casino, where dice are thrown, and roulette wheels spin on every occasion. Over a large number of bets, the odds even out and we can make predictions; that's why casino owners are so rich. But over a very small number of rolls of the dice, the uncertainty principle is very important” – Stephen Hawking. Casinos, totalizators, and other gambling institutions are very popular in Georgia. According to the study “Gambling in Georgia – Second Report,” conducted by Transp...
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Recent Comments
Eric Livny
I am very glad you managed to survive, Giorgi, and write this very important article! Beyond the three smart policy options you ... Read More
Monday, 07 November 2016 1:01 PM
Giorgi Vashakidze
Hi
Monday, 07 November 2016 6:06 PM
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