An average Georgian household spends more than 40% of its budget on food. Food prices are important determinants of access to food and stability of food security. In order to assess the stability of prices the paper looks at food price volatility for major commodities (not restricted to primary commodities only) consumed by Georgian households. Price volatility is important because both low and high prices affect different stakeholder groups (producers, consumers, exporters etc.) in different ways.
Agricultural input subsidy programs are meant to increase crop production, contributing in this way to improved food security and rise of incomes of stallholder farmers. An important goal of such programs is to develop efficient input supply systems, improving farmers’ access to inputs and adoption of new technologies (e.g., use of new seed varieties, fertilizers, and pesticides).
It is a well-known fact that nearly a half of the Georgian population is involved in agriculture, while Georgia imports around 60% of all the food it consumes. High food import share and food security are important issues for Georgia, widely discussed among the policymakers and in the media. One issue that remains largely in the shadows of public attention is Georgia’s struggle with nutritional deficiencies and unhealthy, undiversified diets.
On March 1-2 APRC’s Senior Researcher Salome Gelashvili attended a regional learning workshop on Food Security and Nutrition organized by OXFAM in Dilijan, Armenia. The overall objective of the workshop was to improve the food security and nutrition policies in the South Caucasus region.
The radicalization of Islam and the Russian-Turkish spat affect the security of the South Caucasus energy supply corridor and shed new light on the prospects of Russian-Georgian economic relations. The challenges and opportunities related to the new security threats were the main topics of discussion at a forum organized by the Caucasian House.