After independence from the Soviet Union, Georgia started experiencing a significant rise in the number of boys born compared with the number of girls, the sex ratio at birth. As of 2004 Georgia had one of the highest sex ratio at birth rates in the world, but by 2016 the ratio was at the biologically normal level. The country’s unique position provides valuable knowledge and experience. This country profile offers an updated review of how the practice of son preference and gender-biased sex selection has been evolving in Georgia and explores different aspects influencing the sex ratio at birth behavior. It identifies the root causes, determinants and consequences of the practice of son preference and gender biased sex selection, as well as policy measures taken to eliminate this harmful practice and its root cause, which is gender inequality and the discrimination of girls.

This volume brings together eight case studies of young Georgian entrepreneurs, men and women who had the courage to take a risk and set up their own businesses. The eight case studies allow readers to accompany these entrepreneurs on the challenging journey of doing business in a very difficult environment, with very limited access to finance, knowledge and modern technology. They worked in a very small market inundated by low-quality but cheap imports, and with many small competitors producing roughly the same (basic) goods and services, thus driving each other’s profit margins to zero, and with no skilled and disciplined labor to count on and hardly anybody to approach for advice.

This volume is not a regular textbook. The main idea is not to teach, but to inspire and show that people can change their own lives and the lives of others by taking calculated risks; to show that one should not dogmatically stick to any business model or idea, but rather be quick to admit to their mistakes (which will always happen) and use them as an opportunity to learn, make adjustments and start again.

In December 2015 the State Commission on Migration Issues (SCMI) adopted a Medium Migration Profile (MMP). The MMP was elaborated with the active participation of all its member state agencies and the support of a project funded
by the European Union (EU), ´Enhancing Migration Management in Georgia (ENIGMMA), implemented by the International Centre for Migration Policy Development (ICMPD). The goal of the MMP is to foster evidence-based policymaking
in the country and it covers all major aspects of migratory processes as well as its impact on Georgia’s demography, economy and social cohesion. Since its elaboration, the MMP has proved a valuable source of migration-related data and analysis both for local and international institutions and researchers.

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