ISET

The New Year is approaching, and every Georgian family is already preparing for this festive event. And so is the ISET-Policy Institute. We are keeping with our tradition and cooking up a special edition of the Khachapuri Index for our readers: a “New Year’s Supra Index”. This Index shows the cost (in GEL) of a standard supra meal for a family of 5-6 people in each of Georgia’s regions. Our supra includes traditional dishes such as khachapuri, mtsvadi, satsivi, trout, fried chicken, salad Olivier, pkhali, cucumber & tomato salad, and – for dessert–gozinaki and fruit.

The cost of cooking one standard Imeretian khachapuri in November 2018 averaged at 3.62 GEL, which is around 0.8% higher compared to October 2018 (month-on-month), and 2.2% lower in comparison to the previous year (November 2017).

The recent increase in Georgian bread prices was one of the most hotly debated topics within the country. Several ministers even commented on this rather significant price surge. Experts relate this rise to a lower harvest from exporter countries.

According to Indexmundi, starting from March 2018, international wheat prices were characterized by an increasing trend. However, international wheat prices started declining from September 2018. According to the USDA office of Global Analysis report, over the last three months the US and Canadian prices are up, with strong international demand, while Black Sea prices have declined slightly.

The average cost of cooking one standard portion of Imeretian Khachapuri stood at 3.62 GEL in November 2018. This is 0.8% higher month-on-month (compared to October 2018), and 2.2% lower year-on-year (compared to the previous November, 2017).

As the chart shows, the main contributors to the Khachapuri Index monthly inflation were milk (up by 1.5%), cheese (up by 1.3%), and butter (up by 0.6%). All other ingredients decreased in price: yeast (down by 0.5%), flour (down by 0.5%), and eggs (down by 0.2%).

The average cost of cooking one standard Imeretian khachapuri in October 2018 was 3.59 GEL, which is 1.1% higher month-on-month (compared to the previous month), and 1.2% lower year-on-year (compared to the same month of last year).

Trade statistics show that there is growing demand on bovine animals. In the last three years, exports of live cattle (beef and dairy) from Georgia increased by 26% on average. This means that there are fewer dairy cows left in the country, which is of course reflected in production volumes of milk. In 2017, milk production was 528,400 tones, which was 11,700 tones less than in 2016 and 37,900 tones less than in 2015.

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